Kentucky Nature Preserves Rare Plants

Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission

Sand Grape
Vitis rupestris
Family: Vitaceae

Protection Status:
State Status:  T
USFWS Status: {null}

Global Rank: G3
State Rank: S2

Sandy deposits of rocky river shores.

Species Description:
Bushy shrub-like grape, slightly climbing with few tendrils, alternate, short, wide, and toothed leaves. Berries are black.

Flowering Period: Early April to mid June.
Fruiting Period: Early August to late September.

Additional Information at NatureServe

Diagnostic Characteristics:
Tendrils lacking or only from the uppermost nodes; leaves pubescent underneath with short erect hairs not long cobweb-like hairs; pith interrupted by a diaphragm at each node.

Changes in the hydrologic conditions of the stream habitat could be detrimental to this species. Any disturbance of the areas adjacent to the stream (stream terrace or slopes) could result in erosion or soil deposition that would impact the habitat for this species. Exotic pest plants are a threat to this species.

Global Range:
Vitis rupestris occurs spottily from Pennsylvania and Maryland west to Illinois and Missouri, and south to North Carolina, Alabama, and Texas. It is also known as a rare escape from cultivation in California (cf. Best et al., 1996), where it is used as rootstock for cultivated grapes. Reports from Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Ohio are based on old literature reports not maintained in more recent floras. The Ohio report appears to be without basis (A. Cusick, pers. comm. to L. Morse, 26Feb01).

Known Kentucky Occurrences:

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Data last updated: Wednesday, May 28, 2014
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
801 Teton Trail
Frankfort,KY 40601
Phone: (502) 573-2886
Fax: (502) 573-2355
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