Kentucky Nature Preserves Rare Plants

Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission

Spotted Coralroot
Corallorhiza maculata
Family: Orchidaceae

Protection Status:
State Status:  E
USFWS Status: {null}

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1

Dry to mesic mixed hardwood forests.

Species Description:
Perennial herb.

Flowering Period: Early July to late August.

Additional Information at NatureServe

Diagnostic Characteristics:
This terrestrial orchid is leafless and without chlorophyll (pink/purple in color). It grows to 15 cm or more in height. The lip is 5-9 mm long, not spurred, has 2 lateral lobes and ridges and is white with purple dots. The perianth (sepals and petals) is less than 1 cm long (Hexalectris has longer flowers). This species blooms in July (summer) whereas the other two species bloom in fall or spring.

Disturbance of surrounding areas such as ATV trails, timber removal or any activity that results in increased erosion and weed invasion will be detrimental. Timber removal may also detrimentally impact this habitat for this species by changing light and moisture conditions. Exotic pest plants are a threat to this species. Avoid creating access to the site through trail or road construction.

Global Range:

Known Kentucky Occurrences:

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Data last updated: Wednesday, May 28, 2014
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
801 Teton Trail
Frankfort,KY 40601
Phone: (502) 573-2886
Fax: (502) 573-2355
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