Kentucky Nature Preserves Rare Plants

Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission

Scarlet Indian Paintbrush
Castilleja coccinea
Family: Scrophulariaceae

Protection Status:
State Status:  E
USFWS Status: {null}

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1

Damp, open sandy or rocky soil in meadows and woodland edges; also, fens, barrens, rock outcrops, meadows, wet pastures, and grassy openings (Weakley 2011); in KY, south- facing limestone slopes.

Species Description:
Hemiparasitic annual or biennial forb.

Flowering Period: Early April to late May.
Fruiting Period: Early May to late June.

Additional Information at NatureServe

Diagnostic Characteristics:
Small herb with red tubular flowers that do not have a spur (saclike extension). The foliage and bracteal leaves (the leaves beneath the flowers) are lobed or cleft and usually scarlet in color.

Woody plant invasion may need to be controlled using periodic prescribed fire, mowing or other means.Timber removal may be beneficial. Hand removal of trees in the vicinity is needed to maintain the open character of the habitat for this species.Disturbance of surrounding areas such as ATV trails, timber removal or any activity that results in increased erosion and weed invasion will be detrimental. Exotic pest plants are a threat to this species. Avoid creating access to the site through trail or road construction.

Global Range:

Known Kentucky Occurrences:

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Data last updated: Wednesday, May 28, 2014
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
801 Teton Trail
Frankfort,KY 40601
Phone: (502) 573-2886
Fax: (502) 573-2355
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