Kentucky Nature Preserves Rare Plants


 
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission





Yellow Wild Indigo
Baptisia tinctoria
Family: Fabaceae

Protection Status:
State Status:  T
USFWS Status: {null}

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1S2

P
Habitat:
Sandhills, pine flatwoods, xeric woodlands, ridges, woodland edges, and roadbanks (Weakley 2011).

Species Description:
Reaches 1-3 feet in height and has clover-like leaves, and yellow flowers (Foster and Duke 1990). Racemes are numerous and leaves tend to be dark bluish-green (Rhoads and Block 2000).

Phenology:
Flowering Period: Early April to late August.
Fruiting Period: Early July to late November.

Additional Information at NatureServe

Diagnostic Characteristics:
This species can reach 1-3 feet in height and has clover-like leaves, and yellow flowers (Foster and Duke 1990). Racemes are numerous and leaves tend to be dark bluish-green (Rhoads and Block 2000). Leaves are widely branched with leaflets 1-3 (sometimes to 4) cm long, inflorescences numerous, the flowers yellow and 8-16 mm long, pods small 8-15 m.

Management:
Timber removal to maintain the open character of the habitat for this species may be beneficial but careful review of the implementation of this practice is needed. Removal of trees in the vicinity of the population of this species may be warranted. Soil disturbing activities that results in increased erosion or weed invasion will be detrimental. Exotic pest plants are a threat to this species.

Global Range:
Baptisia tinctoria grows from Ontario and New England into the southern United States.

Known Kentucky Occurrences:

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Data last updated: Wednesday, May 28, 2014
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
801 Teton Trail
Frankfort,KY 40601
Phone: (502) 573-2886
Fax: (502) 573-2355
Email:
naturepreserves@ky.gov
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